Data was analysed with SPSS version Apart from the risk factors listed above, there are other factors which have not been extensively investigated which include environmental and dietary factors [ 4 ]. They are non-cancerous tumours which are myometrial in origin [ 2 ]. Histories of infertility, young age at first birth, and current alcohol consumption have been associated with increased risk [ 15 ]. This decision was taken in order to get i their individual consent and ii to encourage them to participate voluntarily and encourage co-operation. People with hypertension, atherosclerosis and heart related disease have shown increased risk of fibroid and by extension it was noted that high blood pressure was associated with high risk of clinical diagnosis of fibroid even after giving the appropriate medical care and treatment for high blood pressure [ 28 ]. Abstract Background Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumours affecting premenopausal women and are often associated with considerable hospitalization and morbidity.
Table 1 Parameters of the equipment used Parameter of the equipment. Ethical considerations In order to ensure that the data from the various interest groups obtained were handled in an ethical manner, the following measures were taken. Method A prospective cross-sectional study design was employed in this study. Uterine fibroids have also been associated with spontaneous miscarriages [ 8 ]. The centres were chosen because they had the same equipment models, and large patient turn over, from across the country. Fibroid can be considered as well-defined masses emanating from the smooth muscle layer of the uterus and also composed of extracellular matrix and considered to be the most common tumour in the female pelvis [ 5 ]. Uterine fibroid, Ultrasound, Ghana, Associated factors Background Uterine fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomata, are mostly benign growths that develop in the muscles of the uterine wall [ 1 ]. Literature search both electronic and manual indicated a gap in terms of documentation on the main factors associated with uterine fibroids in Ghanaian women. Descriptive statistics were calculated. They are non-cancerous tumours which are myometrial in origin [ 2 ]. Cigarette smoking has been reported to be inversely related to risk in several studies [ 15 , 21 , 22 ], but not all [ 23 ]. The study was conducted between November —February Additionally, they were assured of confidentiality of their identity and the information collected on them. It is suggested that black women have a greater fibroid burden than whites [ 9 — 12 ]. This notwithstanding, a study by Segars [ 27 ] suggested that trauma or a sort of trigger in the uterus causes uterine cells to contract abnormally and that could initiate the formation of fibroid nodules. This decision was taken in order to get i their individual consent and ii to encourage them to participate voluntarily and encourage co-operation. These findings stemmed largely from case control studies among which eligibility criteria i. Uterine leiomyoma, represent a major public health problem and the most common benign gynaecologic tumours affecting premenopausal women [ 6 ] and they are often associated with considerable morbidity [ 7 ]. A total of two hundred and forty-four women were consecutively evaluated from November to February using a 2—5 MHz curvilinear probe of Philips HD3 ultrasound machines at three centres in Accra using a trans-abdominal pelvic approach. In another study, smoking is noted to cause reduction in the levels of oestrogen and body weight which is associated with low incidence of fibroids [ 26 ]. Two hundred and forty four women in their reproductive age who were concurrently referred to the centres for pelvic ultrasound examination on account of suspected fibroids were recruited for the study. It is therefore imperative to ensure continuous availability of documented data on the subject that may serve as useful source of information for policy development and management of uterine fibroids. Finally, patients signed a consent form signifying that they had agreed to the use of the data collected for research purposes. However, Parrizziani [ 26 ] indicated that induced abortion increases the risk of developing fibroid nodules. According to the Ghana Statistical Service, the female population in Ghana is higher than the male population, which indicates that the female population in the work force will also increase. Reported protective factors include parity [ 15 , 17 ] and oral contraceptive use [ 19 , 20 ].
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